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Artibonite (Haitian Creole: Latibonit) is one of the ten departments of Haiti. With an area of 4,887 km2, it is Haiti's largest department. As of 2015, its estimated population was 1,727,524. The region is the country's main rice-growing area. The main cities are Gonaïves (the capital) and Saint-Marc. In February 2004 an insurgency tried unsuccessfully to declare Artibonite's independence.  The department has been in a state of an economic decline since insurgencies and coups have reduced the nation's stability. Since the election of President René Garcia Preval, the production of rice and other crops has been on an increase.

Artibonite's geography is diverse, with the Montagnes Noires, along with a part of the Central Plateau occupying the northern part of the department, and the Chaîne des Matheux and lowlands along the Artibonite valley stretching to the shore of the Golfe de la Gonâve occupying the south.

The coast of Artibonite is flat and marshy at the mouths of the L'Estère and Artibonite rivers. Elsewhere, it is rather rocky. Artibonite ranks third to Western and Southern Departments in the length of its coastline.  Artibonite is known as "Haiti's breadbasket" because it is one of the nation's agricultural products, particularly famous for its rice. Manufacturing, trading and tourism are also major contributors to the state's economy.

The Department of Artibonite is subdivided into five arrondissements, which are further subdivided into sixteen communes.

  • Dessalines Arrondissement
    • Desdunes
    • Dessalines
    • Grande Saline
    • Petite Rivière de l'Artibonite
  • Gonaïves Arrondissement
    • Ennery
    • L'Estère
    • Gonaïves
  • Gros-Morne Arrondissement
    • Anse-Rouge
    • Gros-Morne
    • Terre-Neuve
  • Marmelade Arrondissement
    • Marmelade
    • Saint-Michel-de-l'Atalaye
  • Saint-Marc Arrondissement
    • La Chapelle
    • Saint-Marc
    • Verrettes
    • Montrouis

19
Jun
Dessalines

Dessalines

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Dessalines is an arrondissement in the Artibonite department of Haiti. The arrondissement is named after its main city, Dessalines. The city, in turn, is named after the Haitian Revolution leader Jean...


19
Jun
Gonaives

Gonaives

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Gonaives is a commune in northern Haiti and the capital of the Artibonite department of Haiti. It has a population of about 300,000 people (2011 census). The city of Gonaïves was founded in 1422 by In...


19
Jun
Gros-Morne

Gros-Morne

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Gros-Morne is a commune in the Gros-Morne Arrondissement, in the Artibonite department of Haiti. It has 7,294 inhabitants (2010). Gros-Morne is a rural city in Haiti. Its name means "Big Mountain."Gro...


19
Jun
Marmelade

Marmelade

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Marmelade is a commune and former duchy in the Artibonite department of Haiti. It is the chief town of the Marmelade Arrondissement, which also includes the commune of Saint Michel de l'Attalaye.Marme...


18
Jun
Saint-Marc

Saint-Marc

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Saint-Marc is a commune in western Haiti in Artibonite. Its geographic coordinates are 19°7′N 72°42′W. At the 2003 Census, the commune had 160,181 inhabitants. It is one of the biggest cities, second ...


18
Jun
Saint-Michel-de-l'Attalaye

Saint-Michel-de-l'Attalaye

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Saint-Michel-de-l'Attalaye is a commune in the Marmelade Arrondissement, in the Artibonite department of Haiti. It has 95,216 inhabitants. It is the second-largest city geographically after Port-au-Pr...


18
Jun
Terre-Neuve

Terre-Neuve

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Terre-Neuve is a commune in the Gros-Morne Arrondissement, in the Artibonite department of Haiti. It has 17,045 inhabitants....


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